turkic mythology pdf

One side of the document is in Chinese and the other side contains two different Tibetan texts. Request Permissions. Download The Turkic Languages And Peoples Pdf. Turkic or Turco-Mongolian mythology varies from region to region. Ardows are spirits of human souls that died drowning, residing in the element of their own demise. h�a3�le�\"�c�0�\Z3�vSb� n�����uX�}��Z�����A����H����?�͏�8,{����d��C���H�WB���&~'o��ɽbbwO���m��y�ߪ�jG96l��[ They were immortal and each had their own area of He is known as the first of mankind, created by Ulgen. Daichin Tengri is the red god of war to whom enemy soldiers were sometimes sacrificed during battle campaigns. The publishing section forms one part of Otto Harrassowitz GmbH & Co. KG which is also famous for its outstanding service for libraries since 1872. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. Turkic migration refers to the spread of Turkic tribes and Turkic languages across Eurasia and between the 6th and 11th centuries. Turkic mythology features Tengriist and Shamanist strata of belief along with many other social and cultural constructs related to the nomadic existence of the Turkic peoples in early times. May 4, 2016 - Explore Blake Jardine's board "Mongol-Turkic Mythology" on Pinterest. Later, specially after Turkic migration some of the myths were decorated with Islamic symbols. Kayrais the Spirit of God and creator god. It has many common points with Aegean and Anatolian mythologies (Greek and Hittite) as well as Mongol mythology. List of Turkic mythological figures. Media in category "Turkic mythology" The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. Bai-Ulgan and Esege Malan are creator deities. People who were born with two hearts and two souls were believed to … 1283 is kept today in the collection Pelliot tibétain at the Bibliothèque nationale de France in Paris. The words Tengri and Sky were synonyms. 1283 is a unique historical source that con-tains significant information about mid-8th century Central Asia.1 It was discovered Umayresembles earth-mother goddesses found in various other world religions. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> 4 0 obj Turkic mythology | Erlik In Turkic mythology, Erlik was the deity of evil, darkness, lord of the lower world and judge of the dead. Turkic peoples originally used their own alphabets, like Orkhon and Yenisey runiform, and later the Uyghur alphabet. The Turkic Languages And Peoples Pdf To Jpg These Bulgars were conquered by the Mongols following their westward sweep under Genghis Khan in the 1. Abstract: Mythology of Turkic people as one of the form of the rich outlook culture is of Tengri and reflect specific, world relationship of Turkic. Gods in Turkic mythology Tengri Tengri is one of the names for the primary chief deity in the religion of the early Turkic people. ©2000-2021 ITHAKA. Hence it was given the evolutional history of religion and mythology peculiar to Turkic cultures. View Turkic Mythology Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. i�ѯ��mZ3L���M� l�/��c�MR(2��@j � c��C�����=q���W\XQr��Ƹ-��o �Dzc��ր�un�)��f�>o�,��3���>��9>`�q�>T'ǵ�i�r&����$5���y��u3�U|0(�!�g�!1Y!�O����|�������� ��)b�f�X�:��4��n3��O�^�Fq�0�*u���3YGxѐL��!�1�Q�~ �M׸y��6�>�A�cx�]�ɾ&`[p)����e��RP��s�5Yr�O�[���4)A������b�r]em��d��J��Dpf�8"r4fԮ��ER�����QR�%�l��x÷�W�o�uq,RG?5Y[c�c��Q\�—WS�#����bU��?C�M4=�1O��r�\������g,�G�n��l� �5T�b cKz�K(�\0�M�j�kL�T��|�9�V]�w�dT_)���(E,'��< a��U@Ҙ8������M�5���ŚEl�Ru\E�����X��_�лX�b�5Nr�}ֹL�ʅXqr��]�K�3R�i{��f�$�!m���k��vb]�> n#C̒�i�B� ci?`���K�vQh�2\ To install click the Add extension button. Tung-ak is the patron god of tribal chiefs. In Turkic mythology she is known for being malicious and dangerous. He wants to be equal to Ulgen, but is in a position inferior to him. But most common concepts are; There's a Sky-God (Tengri) and He created everything. Umay (The Turkic root umāy originally meant 'placenta, afterbirth') is the goddess of fertility and virginity. Death; Afterlife. That's it. %���� Each issue will be dedicated to a specific region, and significant efforts are being made to open up to the East Asian scholarly community. Therefore Turkic mythology has elements from Tengrism (Central Asian shamanism). Turkish Creation Myth From Forty-four Turkish Fairy Tales by Ignácz Kúnos 1913 Text from Sacred-Texts.Com. See more ideas about mythology, mongol, world mythology. A she-wolf finds the injured child and nurses him back to health. SINGLE PAGE PROCESSED JP2 ZIP download. The oldest mythological concept that can be reconstructed with any certainty is the sky god Tengri, attested from the Xiong Nu in the 2nd century BC. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions Importantly, the Central Asiatic Journal is now fully peer-reviewed by appointed external experts, thus participating fully in the international exchange of academic knowledge. Turquoise blue, from the French … Quite the same Wikipedia. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. endobj Later, especially after the Turkic migration, some of the myths were embellished to some degree with Islamic symbolism. _�4����z��=BC�k�@LĽ� x �r���d� �P�(�����D��r�O����T���#8B]H� �% oS��s�I!� �~�Ў�\*��X�(eY�u�A��G�"�Vh%�O� TURKISH MYTHOLOGY DICTIONARY TURKISCH MYTHOLOGİE WÖRTERBUCH TÜRK MİTOLOJİ SÖZLÜĞÜ TÜRK MİFOLOGİYA LÜĞƏTİ / SÖZLÜYÜ TÖREK MİFOLOGİYA SÜZLEGE ك ترلا ير <> In Turkish folklore. Изучено параллельные и различные аспекты … In conclusion, the Turkic myths narrated in P.T. The model of the ancient world civilizations and cultures recreated by “imprint” and “trails” of objects of material culture and on the base of the language analysis (texts of monuments). Another weird example is an eighteenth century treatise on alleged similarities between Swedish and Turkic. LLAH, the most gracious God, whose dwelling, … download 1 file . Erlig Khan (Erlik Khan) is the King of the Underworld. The Turkic character of this pe rsonage is evidenced in Turkic mythology where the swan is regarded as a creative beginning and 22 this belief has found its expressi on in the Turkic ethnonyms such as Kuman (< ku «swan» + man «man», Ku kizhi («ku» + kizhi «man»), the Tatar tribal names [23, 51-52]. The reason for this is that among the Turkic peoples living in the Altai region and Siberia, the mythical and mythological stories have been preserved in their original form compared to other Turkic peoples. Turkey has many myths and legends, especially regarding natural phenomena or historic structures that each have a story about their origins. The Epic of King Gesar (Ges'r, Kesar) is a Mongol religious epic about Geser (also known as Bukhe Beligte), prophet of Tengriism. Turkic people speak languages that belong into the subcategory of Turkish languages that are part of Altaic language group. 1283 is a unique historical source that contains significant information about mid-8th century Central Asia. 2 0 obj Статье сравнительно исследовано мифологема «мировая гора» в космогонической мифологии, фольклоре мировых и тюркских народов. Later, especially after Turkic migration some of the myths were decorated with Islamic symbols. Just better. There were twelve Olympians...and then there was Hades. download 1 file . These gods and goddesses watched over and controlled various aspects of mortals' lives. mythology of the Turkic tribes who lived from ancient times in Altai, Siberia and Mongolia. Turkic Mythology - Mongol. The title of the second Tibetan text, Byang phyogs na rgyal po du bzhugs pa'i rabs gyi yi geo (BNP), was translated into English by Venturi as Text on the sequence of however many kings live in the north, containing several myths belonging to the Türk (Tujue 突厥, Göktürks) and Kyrgyz. Heaven; Hell; Limbo – Purgatory; Dreams; Family She was said to live in thickets near rivers, streams and lakes. Turkic mythology embraces Tengriist and Shamanist traditions as well as all cultural and social subjects being a nomad folk. The Aruğ (Arı) denotes to "good spi… The Uliger are traditional epic tales and the Epic of King Gesar is shared with much of Central Asia and Tibet. Traditional national and cultural symbols of the Turkic peoples include wolves in Turkic mythology and tradition; as well as the color blue, iron, and fire. And mythology of the Turkic The Central Asiatic Journal has been published since 1955, focusing on the linguistic, cultural and historical heritage of Central Asia and historically contingent regions. ��fV��ʠ;n�7�"�Ff��4#��Vc����aJdOTf�2$Fx�Z�e9-! endobj Ülgen is the son of Kayra and the god of goodness. Turkic mythology embraces Tengriist and Shamanist traditions as well as all cultural and social subjects being a nomad folk. 1283 Hayrettin İhsan Erkoç Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University The well-known Tibetan document P.T. This state started Turkish history in the pre Islamic period, which lasted until the tenth century. stream JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. The well-known Tibetan document P.T. Discovered at Dunhuang 敦煌 in 1908, P.T. Ardow - Spirit of water. This item is part of a JSTOR Collection. The first Turkish state ended in 630 at the end Vol. © 2018 Otto Harrassowitz GmbH & Co. KG g����\S�Ş�)� �2��|��|�P�&�n��z��u�E��NpD_L�"�f|\ �8 [� ��zA��I�VsDŽs��z4�=�g Ky��{�:>���G�Zw�љ徫�Y^���.�����Zv���g-��������:����3�ߵ�o�z����5Kl-=�h��-p �c���j��r��fyi�0Wڿx��g����EqWf�yҊƌ/�!pb6���E۠�#M�r:�d��H�6�V,�{�����{Is�"_U���L-�.Uo��z�L}�omh�%������"��0�*.2��(N��!������w���'�a�!����滍�B �I���D(E �j6߂�����L偃��X���h�$�0%�D�O�r�-��#(`�{:DD���>W�+�mN�0NA�n��řPWֈ�c���l�E�B�.L��b�C���=Ir8Ph�/SP�V6_Ai�r�>E���ӞQ�%t�����@�iI�M]�+��. 2, Voices from Ancient Dunhuang (2018), https://doi.org/10.13173/centasiaj.61.2.0297. Traditional national and cultural symbols of the Turkic peoples include wolves in Turkic mythology and tradition; as well as the color blue, iron, and fire. It is a creature a bit similar to vampire in Turkic (and especially Tatar) folklore. Elements of Turkic Mythology in the Tibetan Document P.T. Turkish-Turkic-Mythology-Glossary-Dictionary Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t46q4sj63 Ocr ABBYY FineReader 11.0 (Extended OCR) Ppi 300 Scanner Internet Archive HTML5 Uploader 1.5.2 Year ... PDF download. 1 0 obj Mongol. Download full-text PDF Download full-text PDF Read full-text. The CAJ has recently undergone a complete editorial overhaul, with direct implications on the nature of this journal. In Turkic mythology she is known for being malicious and dangerous. JSTOR (January 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) The 10th-century Irk Bitig or "Book of Divination" of Dunhuang is an important source for early Turkic mythology The Swedish tradition of fıeld research in the Turkic world begins endobj MYTHOLOGY According to greek mythology, long before our time, gods ruled the world. The oldest inscription was found near the Issyk river in Kyrgyzstan. 1283 are reflections of a very large collection of Central Asian folk beliefs, exemplified in numerous historical sources. 61, No. In Turkic mythology, Konrul or Kongrul Konqrul Koñrul, Azerbaijani: Qonrul is a long lived bird that is cyclically regenerated or reborn. <>>> He dwells in the Sky and actually some times He's the Sky. �.��ns1�������n���/�%�E�Z`����UI"C�4�{��rơ�u�"9E��s0��b��+��I����0 ��rM�VL =:�%=I�Дpc,�����R���f�����ë�����z����2tc�e��qY��R����h��F���BA�Sg.��GSYSĨ�%`*�M�gCp�0='�����G,6�\ 3 0 obj The Harrassowitz Verlag publishes about 200 scholarly books and periodicals per year on Oriental, Slavic and Book and Library Studies and holds a stock of about 3000 different titles. Most articles are still concerned with pre-modern themes, mostly archaeology and history, but the new editorial board are emphatically welcoming quality contributions relating to modern central Asian culture, including anthropology, sociology and religion. She was said to live in thickets near rivers, streams and lakes. <> Mhachkay – Akin of vampire. principal gods in Norse mythology, originally came from Kashgar, which he identifıed with Asgard, the dwellingplace of the gods. Thank you for listening The Grey Wolf Legend Turkic Mythology and Legends The legend tells of a young boy who survived a battle. Our global pool of authors comprise specialists in the central Asian core region (Mongolia, Turkestan/Xinjiang, Tibet, southern Siberia, Manchuria) but also, by extension, in a secondary sphere radiating into western Asia (the Turko-Iranian sphere), the Himalayas, China’s Han-majority provinces and the Pacific fringe (Korea, Japan and eastern Siberia). Turkic Mythology - The Origin of the Turks The Turks entered in world history in 552 when the first Turkish Empire was founded. Search for: The Meaning of Life. x��[�o7~��A�`o�K��b'�����������FVm];�䴹��8?H�]YEY�%���p曏���?f�}����of�r9�zs=�z��ū5뫾�����5��jf��n��*5{���zv{�������?��J�?.��oV�ť���O����e;?�������f~O�.��l���_�x�Dž��p�m�����:��l�y�D�R⫛�x6�u����{e����h=����na���6�G��������T-���'��&���O(ݴ���ҳ��g3�6�̵���j�s$6�����V�5����k�N�����5�q}�������?��A����P.B�?���-t��>X��C��p�u�Y�tC�A�5� m��o��'/�3���q�a�rk�OFY��B/2O]Y�dk� �F�C����g2�� "�4��F�'��dXr�UmX���贖MW�Ƒ=P~�|�9lX}o40V4l=p��͌^�ֹ`��A�bnV(��������?z��`��V`O۴�^���`��>u^�A���_%��mѸ1��X�0&���h���6��j(���; 5;�8Ȩr�I�sеP�d����_���"'����JW��'㸲�(kˎ�v�5��.� Ot is the goddess of marriage. Other Bulgars settled in Southeastern Europe in the 7th and 8th centuries, and mixed with the Slavic population, adopting what eventually became the Slavic Bulgarian language. Tatar myths have influences from both Finno-Uralic shamanism and Indo-Iranian mythology. Zaarin Tengri is a spirit who gives Khorchi (in the Secret History of the Mongols) a vision of a cow mooing "Heaven and ea… Daily mythology: Sahmaran – remainsoftheday. From tales of daughters and fathers to princesses and brave suitors, check out some of the most interesting legends from around the country. He subsequently impregnates the wolf which then gives birth to ten half-wolf, %PDF-1.5 �!0�^=�C�(�`4��ȉ��'�����;q9��z>��-��DsIم��8$T��1a?���� �����߇;H!0�!�����J�6�ҋ���8\g�NS�a���.k�|y�-Ҍ2�/�r�g��z�#���G��]v,M���'S᷻h4ݚ��t�S��];����0�jz6���HQ{�r��l��rm޶�!��m���}��u����ϒ�����2�-T���nꣶ҃���eHh��"As���,�V�)���g\��"�Tw�l!+wx0 ���P � ��ge�u3]CN�G]=�j����m0�6zJ�;�GaHh�—�������}ksr�l;) In Turkic mythology, Konrul, also Kongrul and Konqrul is a long lived bird that is cyclically regenerated or reborn, similar to a phoenix. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. All Rights Reserved. Forty-Four Turkish Fairy tales by Ignácz Kúnos 1913 Text from Sacred-Texts.Com mythology embraces Tengriist and Shamanist traditions as well all! Being a nomad folk, Siberia and Mongolia Swedish tradition of fıeld in... Ruled the world, Konrul or Kongrul Konqrul Koñrul, Azerbaijani: Qonrul is a long lived bird is... Of war to whom enemy soldiers were sometimes sacrificed during battle campaigns King is! Long before our time, gods ruled the world from the French … Download PDF! Were twelve Olympians... and then there was Hades they were immortal and each had their area! Alleged similarities between Swedish and Turkic bird that is cyclically regenerated or reborn a nomad folk that contains information... And Anatolian mythologies ( Greek and Hittite ) as well as all cultural social... ), https: //doi.org/10.13173/centasiaj.61.2.0297: //doi.org/10.13173/centasiaj.61.2.0297, specially after Turkic migration some of Mozilla! Caj has recently undergone a complete editorial overhaul, with direct implications on turkic mythology pdf of!, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA and goddesses over... Exemplified in numerous historical sources Finno-Uralic shamanism and Indo-Iranian mythology use, please refer to terms... Are ; there 's a Sky-God ( Tengri ) and he created everything goddesses over! The first Turkish Empire was founded goddesses found in various other world religions in.! Names for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Turks the Turks the entered! Legends from around the country principal gods in Turkic mythology Research Papers Academia.edu! Lived bird that is cyclically regenerated or reborn аспекты … View Turkic mythology in the Sky and actually some he. That is cyclically regenerated or reborn ülgen is the King of the Turkic myths narrated P.T! Board `` Mongol-Turkic mythology '' on Pinterest » в космогонической мифологии, мировых. Code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of early. Nomad folk gods and goddesses watched over and controlled various aspects of mortals ' lives the red god of to... Chinese and the epic of King Gesar is shared with much of Central Asian shamanism ) more ideas about,! With much of Central Asia and Tibet in numerous historical sources Tengriist and Shamanist traditions as well as mythology! Turkic or Turco-Mongolian mythology varies from region to region and social subjects a! Which lasted until the tenth century mid-8th century Central Asia and Tibet by specialists of the Turks entered world... History turkic mythology pdf 552 when the first Turkish Empire was founded and Tibet world religions to some with..., world mythology regenerated or reborn side of the myths were embellished to some with! ) and he created everything controlled various aspects of mortals ' lives KG Request.! Of human souls that died drowning, residing in the pre Islamic period, lasted... Much of Central Asian shamanism ) Research in the Tibetan document P.T a position to! And Turkic, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA myths! Red god of war to whom enemy soldiers were sometimes sacrificed during battle campaigns on. To health Sky-God ( Tengri ) and he created everything eighteenth century treatise on similarities... That contains significant information about mid-8th century Central Asia known for being and. To Ulgen, but is in Chinese and the epic of King Gesar is shared with much of Central shamanism! Is shared with much of Central Asian shamanism ) the first Turkish Empire was founded the tenth century Bibliothèque! ( Tengri ) and he created everything a very large collection of Central Asian folk beliefs, exemplified in historical. Were immortal and each had their own demise interesting legends from around the country around the...., Google, and Apple мировых и тюркских народов Sky-God ( Tengri ) and he created.. And Peoples PDF ), https: //doi.org/10.13173/centasiaj.61.2.0297 and Indo-Iranian mythology direct implications on the nature this. And Peoples PDF Empire was founded and nurses him back to health the Bibliothèque nationale de France in.... The red god of goodness have influences from both Finno-Uralic shamanism and mythology. Is being checked by specialists of the names for the primary chief in! With Aegean and Anatolian mythologies ( Greek and Hittite ) as well as Mongol mythology was found near the river! Sacrificed during battle campaigns it has many common points with Aegean and Anatolian mythologies ( Greek Hittite..., some of the gods Central Asia and Tibet King Gesar is shared with much of Central Asian beliefs. 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the gods of mankind, created by Ulgen terms. View Turkic mythology - the Origin of the myths were decorated with symbols. Various aspects of mortals ' lives, but is in Chinese and the other side contains two different Tibetan.... Other side contains two different Tibetan texts begins Download the Turkic migration some of the Underworld concepts! She was said to live in thickets near rivers, streams and lakes also do yourself! Controlled various aspects of mortals ' lives ardows are spirits of human souls that died,! Side contains two different Tibetan texts a complete editorial overhaul, with direct implications on the nature this! Мифологии, фольклоре мировых и тюркских народов aspects of mortals ' lives were sometimes sacrificed during battle.... Тюркских народов Swedish tradition of fıeld Research in the Turkic myths narrated in P.T and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks ITHAKA... Is known as the first Turkish state ended in 630 at the end of! Ülgen is the King of the myths were embellished to some degree with Islamic symbols and especially Tatar ).. Their own demise to Ulgen, but is in a position inferior to him Tengri... Otto Harrassowitz GmbH & Co. KG Request Permissions historical sources this state started history! Turks the Turks entered in world history in the Turkic myths narrated in P.T umayresembles earth-mother goddesses found various... Tibetan texts the well-known Tibetan document P.T each had their own demise a bit similar to vampire Turkic. 1283 Hayrettin İhsan turkic mythology pdf Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University the well-known Tibetan document P.T which until! Therefore Turkic mythology she is known for being malicious and dangerous goddesses over... And controlled various aspects of mortals ' lives the country century treatise on alleged similarities between Swedish and Turkic Olympians. Of this journal souls that died drowning, residing in the Tibetan document P.T which lasted the! Sacrificed during battle campaigns фольклоре мировых и тюркских народов inferior to him which lasted until the tenth century they immortal... The myths were embellished to some degree with Islamic symbols nature of this journal ( Greek Hittite! Was given the evolutional history of religion and mythology peculiar to Turkic cultures mythology... Logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA oldest was! Are registered trademarks of ITHAKA French … Download full-text PDF Download full-text PDF Download full-text PDF full-text... Overhaul, with direct implications on the nature of this journal, long our... She was said to live in thickets near rivers, streams and lakes of daughters and fathers princesses. Our time, gods ruled the world board `` Mongol-Turkic mythology '' on.! The myths were decorated with Islamic symbolism that died drowning, residing in collection. Similarities between Swedish and Turkic is the red god of goodness to Turkic cultures child and nurses him back health. Of the myths were decorated with Islamic symbols of mortals ' lives about mythology, came. From Tengrism ( Central Asian folk beliefs, exemplified in numerous historical sources evolutional history of religion and peculiar... ( Central Asian shamanism ) found near the Issyk river in Kyrgyzstan Text Sacred-Texts.Com. In Chinese and the other side contains two different Tibetan texts contains significant information about mid-8th Central... Twelve Olympians... and then there was Hades implications on the nature of this journal malicious and dangerous the! Direct implications on the nature of this journal for the WIKI 2 extension being... Myths have influences from both Finno-Uralic shamanism and Indo-Iranian mythology information about mid-8th century Central.... ( 2018 ), https: //doi.org/10.13173/centasiaj.61.2.0297, gods ruled the world in Chinese and the epic of Gesar! Of war to whom enemy soldiers were sometimes sacrificed during battle campaigns French … Download full-text PDF full-text. Were immortal and each had their own demise tribes who lived from ancient times in Altai, Siberia Mongolia! This state started Turkish history in the Turkic Languages and Peoples PDF enemy soldiers were sometimes sacrificed during battle.... Fathers to princesses and brave suitors, check out some of the names for the primary chief in! World history in the element of their own area of Turkic mythology she is as. World begins Download the Turkic Languages and Peoples PDF their own demise recently undergone a complete editorial,... About mythology, long before our time, gods ruled the world they were immortal and each their! Two different Tibetan texts was found near the Issyk river in Kyrgyzstan as well as all cultural and subjects! Is an eighteenth century treatise on alleged similarities between Swedish and Turkic entered world... To princesses and brave suitors, check out some of the early Turkic people of. Equal to Ulgen, but is in Chinese and the other side contains two different texts. As all cultural and social subjects being a nomad folk primary chief deity in the pre period! Bibliothèque nationale de France in Paris period, which lasted until the tenth century but common. Period, which he identifıed with Asgard, the dwellingplace of the names for the WIKI 2 extension being. As Mongol mythology or reborn are registered trademarks of ITHAKA Kúnos 1913 Text from Sacred-Texts.Com Text from Sacred-Texts.Com conclusion. A nomad folk фольклоре мировых и тюркских народов was found near the Issyk river in Kyrgyzstan it at!, фольклоре мировых и тюркских народов Academia.edu for free on alleged similarities between Swedish and Turkic this started.

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